What are the legal system differences between Italy and United States?

Italy and the United States have different legal systems and laws, which can result in significant differences between the two countries in areas such as criminal law, civil law, commercial law, and constitutional law.

Civil Law vs. Common Law System
Italy has a civil law system based on written laws, while the US follows a common law system based on judicial decisions.

Codified vs. Written Constitution
Italy has a codified constitution as the supreme law of the land, while the US has a written constitution that divides power between federal and state governments.

Unitary vs. Federal System
In Italy, the central government has complete authority, whereas the US has a federal system where power is shared between central and state governments.

Overall, the legal systems in Italy and the United States have significant differences, ranging from the nature of their constitutions to the structure of their governments.

These differences can have of course a considerable impact on the legal procedures and laws of the two countries.

For instance, the civil law system in Italy, which is based on a comprehensive set of written laws and codes, is more prescriptive than the common law system followed in the US, which is based on judicial decisions and precedent.

This means that legal disputes in Italy are often resolved based on the letter of the law, while the US legal system is more flexible and focused on interpreting the law through the lens of past cases.

In terms of the constitution, Italy’s codified constitution establishes the framework for all legal principles and laws in the country.

In contrast, the US constitution provides the foundation for the separation of powers between the federal and state governments, and is further complemented by the legal precedents set by past cases.

Lastly the difference in the structure of government is another key distinction between the legal systems of the two countries.

In Italy, the central government has complete authority over all aspects of law and governance, whereas the US follows a federal system where the central and state governments share power and responsibility.

In conclusion, while there are several key differences between the legal systems of Italy and the United States, both countries share a commitment to upholding the rule of law and protecting the rights of their citizens.